Opening of Kudu statue. First sitting of Turnhalle Conference. The city has several football clubs which include African Stars F.C., Black Africa F.C., F.C. NOTE: Dependency Ratio does not take into account labor force participation rates by age group. Windhoek is the social, economic, political, and cultural centre of the country. The Coat of Arms is described as "A Windhoek aloe with a raceme of three flowers on an island. miles). Many boxers such as Paulus Moses, Paulus Ambunda and Abmerk Shindjuu are from the city. CIT OF WINDHOEK WINDHOEK, FACTS & FIGURES Population : ± 400 000 Population Growth : 4.4% Number of Households : ca. The borders of the German colony were determined in 1890 and Germany sent a protective corps, the Schutztruppe under Major Curt von François, to maintain order. It developed rapidly after Jonker Afrikaner, Captain of the Orlam, settled here in 1840 and built a stone church for his community. Shooting at Old Location. [23], In 1971, there were roughly 26,000 whites living in Windhoek, outnumbering the black population of 24,000. Precipitation is abundant during the summer season, and minimal during the winter season. Windhoek (/ˈwɪndhʊk/, Afrikaans: [ˈvəntɦuːk], German: ['vɪnthʊk]) is the capital and largest city of Namibia. Namibia has made the Rugby World Cup on six occasions, in 1999, 2003, 2007, 2011, 2015 and 2019, but has never won a game. Windhoek would become the third-largest city in the world by area, after Tianjin and Istanbul, although its population density is only 63 inhabitants per square kilometre. Two Rhenish missionaries, Carl Hugo Hahn and Franz Heinrich Kleinschmidt, started working there in late 1842. [29] The Council meets once a month (each last Wednesday of the month); its decisions are taken collectively and councillors are bound by such decisions. At this time, Windhoek's three castles, Heinitzburg, Sanderburg, and Schwerinsburg, were built. Population Structure. The National Museum of Namibia is located in Windhoek with two locations[38] Alte Feste Museum (historical): showcases a range of colonial items such as wagons and domestic items. Primarily, limitations such as runway length, noise, and air space congestion have kept Eros from developing into a larger airport. The Council, however, has complete authority over all administrative affairs in the city. and SK Windhoek, Tigers F.C., Tura Magic F.C., Citizens F.C. [8][9] Gardens were laid out and for a while Windhoek prospered. The average annual precipitation is 367.4 millimetres (14.46 in), with lows of 106.7 millimetres (4.20 in) in the 2018/19 rainy season, and 97 millimetres (3.8 in) in 1929/30. Council members devote their official time to problems of basic policy and act as liaisons between the City and the general public. Most of Namibia's charter operators have Eros as their base. There are also the Independence Memorial Museum, the National Library of Namibia and the Windhoek Public Library – built in 1925, next to the Alte Feste.[39]. [40] There are also a few Islamic mosques in the city. Windhoek population boom By Staff Reporter Part of Windhoek’s informal settlements which have grown so fast that the Municipality is not able to provide the necessary services. 1964. The coldest month is July, with an average temperature of 13.1 °C (55.6 °F), while the hottest month is December, with average temperature 23.5 °C (74.3 °F). [21], Windhoek has over 300 sunny days per year. Rugby is a popular sport in Namibia, and the national team is called the Welwitchias. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline, See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy. 1953. 44 in 2011), Grootfontein excludes Berg Aukas, and Keetmanshoop excludes Koës. Ten years later the next one, Gobabis road, now Sam Nujoma Drive, was also paved. In constrast to the census report, Arandis excludes Wlotzkasbaken (pop. Windhoek is the only self-governed settlement in Khomas Region. Nearly every national enterprise is headquartered here. 11 and 12 December. There are three types of age dependency ratio: Youth, Elderly, and Total. Air charters and helicopter and fixed-wing aircraft rentals are also available. The temperature throughout the year would be called mild, due to altitude influence. [15], Windhoek formally received its town privileges on 18 October 1965 on the occasion of the 75th anniversary of the second foundation of the town by von François.[16]. As everywhere in Namibia, public transport is scarce and transportation across town is largely done by taxi; there were 6,492 registered taxis in 2013.[36]. [52] Some of the notable schools are: South African administration after World War I, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, J. Gordon Melton, Martin Baumann, ‘‘Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices’’, ABC-CLIO, USA, 2010, p. 2012-2013, Evangelical Lutheran Church in the Republic of Namibia, Namibia University of Science and Technology, "Table 4.2.2 Urban population by Census years (2001 and 2011)", "The History of ǁKhauxaǃnas. A request by merchants from Lüderitzbucht resulted in the declaration of a German protectorate over what was called German South West Africa, which is today Namibia in 1884. Most believe it is derived from the Afrikaans word wind-hoek (wind corner). The 'Tony Rust Raceway' is located west of Windhoek on the Daan Viljoen road, and reopened in 2007.[51]. Today out of ca. The population of all Namibian cities, towns and villages as well as of all settlements with at least 500 inhabitants by census years. The University of Namibia is, too, as are the country's only theatre, all ministry head offices, and all major media and financial entities. The 2019 population density in Namibia is 3 people per Km2 (8 people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 823,290 Km2 (317,874 sq. It has one runway without capacity limitations. [citation needed], After 1955, large public projects were undertaken, such as the building of new schools and hospitals, tarring of the city's roads (a project begun in 1928 with Kaiser Street), and the building of dams and pipelines to stabilise the water supply. [14] On 1 October 1966 the then Administrator of South West Africa granted Windhoek the coat of arms, which was registered on 2 October 1970 with the South African Bureau of Heraldry. A number of foreign airlines operate to and from Windhoek. After World War II, Windhoek's development gradually gained momentum, as more capital became available to improve the area's economy. Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100. [48] It has also played at other grounds in the city, including the United Ground and the Trans Namib Ground. (1991) National Census Report 1991 (provided by Clive Thornton). It further shows that many people move from the regions to Windhoek in order to further their education and for employment. [17], Windhoek's City Council has plans to dramatically expand the city's boundaries such that the town area will cover 5,133.4 square kilometres (1,982.0 sq mi). Crest: A mural crown Or. View live population, charts & trends: Population of Namibia, A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. [17], In public life, Afrikaans, and to a lesser extent German, are still used as lingua francas even though the government only uses English.[27]. The places of worship are predominantly Christian churches and temples: Evangelical Lutheran Church in Namibia (Lutheran World Federation), Evangelical Lutheran Church in the Republic of Namibia (Lutheran World Federation), Baptist Convention of Namibia (Baptist World Alliance), Assemblies of God, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Windhoek (Catholic Church). In 2014, The Roads Authority has planned to upgrade the Windhoek-Okahandja road to a dual carriage way. [34] Of the 3,300 US$-millionaires in Namibia, 1,400 live in Windhoek.[35]. The 2016 population of Windhoek is projected to be 395,000. In 2011 the total fertility rate was 3.6 children per woman, down from 4.1 in 2001. The twelve strong springs provided water for the cultivation of produce and grains. [13] For the next five years, a South African military government administered South West Africa. Walvis Bay includes Langstrand (pop. They have played in each edition of the ICC Intercontinental Cup. [6] He and his followers stayed near one of the main hot springs, located in the present-day Klein Windhoek suburb. Wars between the Nama and Herero peoples eventually destroyed the settlement. The first known mention of the name Windhoek was in a letter from Jonker Afrikaner to Joseph Tindall, dated 12 August 1844. Businesses were erected on Kaiser Street (presently Independence Avenue), and along the dominant mountain ridge over the city. Looking back, in the year of 1960, Namibia had a population of 0.6 million people. [31] Due to its relative size[32] Windhoek is, even more than many other national capital cities, the social, economic, and cultural centre of the country. (2001) (2011) (2019) Namibia Statistics Agency (web). Civics Windhoek, Orlando Pirates F.C., Ramblers F.C.

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