Investments include the expansion of irrigated agriculture to improve food security, the construction of the Taoussa (or Tossaye) dam in Mali and the Kandadji Dam in Niger (the latter has been under construction since August 2008), as well as the rehabilitation of the Kainji dam, Shiroro Dam, Jebba dam and the newly Zungeru Dam in Nigeria. [9] In Nigeria the Kainji Dam, Shiroro Dam, newly Zungeru Dam and the Jebba dam are used to generate hydropower.

It was only with the 18th-century visits of Mungo Park, who travelled down the Niger River and visited the great Sahelian empires of his day, that Europeans correctly identified the course of the Niger and extended the name to its entire course. The Bani River is 696 mi (1,120 km) long and has its source in COTE D'IVOIRE and BURKINA FASO. The larger groups include the Bambara, the Malinke, the Songhai, and the Zarma. The connection to the Nile River was made not simply because this was then known as the great river of "Aethiopia" (by which all lands south of the desert were called by Classical writers), but because the Nile like the Niger flooded every summer. The irrigation potential was estimated at 1.68m ha in Nigeria 0.56m ha in Mali, and the actual irrigated area was 0.67m ha and 0.19m ha. The largest cities are Bamako in Mali, Niamey in Niger, and Onitsha in Nigeria. From this interior delta, the river flows in a northeast direction before turning to the southeast to form the great bend. By continuing to use this site, you consent to the terms of our cookie policy, which can be found in our.

The most important tributary of the Niger in Nigeria is the Benue River which merges with the river at Lokoja in Nigeria. To the south, the river separates into many branches before emptying into the Gulf of Guinea west of Port Harcourt. The Niger has different names in the different languages of the region: The earliest use of the name "Niger" for the river is by Leo Africanus in his Della descrittione dell’Africa et delle cose notabili che ivi sono published in Italian in 1550. This strange geography apparently came about because the Niger River is two ancient rivers joined together. [31][32] Speaking in Lokoja, Nigerian President Umaru Yar'Adua stated that the project would lead to "all-year-round navigability" on the River Niger and that he hoped that, by 2020, Nigeria would have become one of the twenty most industrialised nations in the world. [24] A number of failed expeditions followed however the mystery of the Niger would not be solved for another 25 years, in 1830, when Richard Lander and his brother became the first Europeans to follow the course of the Niger to the ocean.

They thus confirmed that the river empties into the Atlantic Ocean.

It is the third longest river on the continent, after the Nile and the Congo. The average 'loss' is estimated at 31 km3/year, but varies considerably between years. The drainage basin of the river encompasses 807,000 square mi (2,090,000 square km).

The Niger River is the principal river of western Africa, extending about 4,180 km (2,600 mi).

From the confluence with the Benue, the Niger heads southward and discharges through a massive delta into the Gulf of Guinea or the ATLANTIC OCEAN. For the Tron: Legacy character, see, This article is about the river. We’ve been busy, working hard to bring you new features and an updated design. The Europeans thought that the section of the river near Timbuktu was part of the Nile River. Over time upstream erosion by the lower Niger resulted in stream capture of the upper Niger by the lower Niger.[10]. He died in 1806 on a second expedition attempting to prove the Niger-Congo connection. As the Niger crosses the border between Guinea and MALI, other rivers such as the Fie join the main channel of water near Kangare, Mali. Only 0.93m hectares (ha) were under irrigation in the late 1980s. They travelled from the very beginning of the river near Kissidougou in Guinea, walking at first till a raft could be used, then changing to various local crafts as the river broadened and changed.

Improved homework resources designed to support a variety of curriculum subjects and standards. The total volume of tributaries in Nigeria is six times higher than the inflow into Nigeria, with a flow near the mouth of the river standing at 177.0 km3/year before the 1980s and 147.3 km3/year during the 1980s.[9]. Funding will be awarded in two phases.

In 1830 two English explorers, John and Richard Lander, explored the lower course of the Niger by canoeing down the river from Bussa. Huge tracts of irrigated land produce rice, cotton, sugarcane, and vegetables. Accessible across all of today's devices: phones, tablets, and desktops.

The Niger River then continues and forms the boundary between the Republic of Niger and BENIN. The Niger passes through virtually all of the vegetational zones of western Africa, including grasslands, rainforests, and swamps. Trade to the Niger bend region also brought Islam to the region in approximately the 14th century CE. Many European expeditions to plot the river were unsuccessful. The Niger River is Western Africa's major river flowing 2,600 miles from south-eastern Guinea to Nigeria and into the Atlantic Ocean's Gulf of New Guinea. The Niger is the principal river of western Africa. As plant species sharply declined,[11] humans migrated to the fertile Niger River bend region, with abundant resources including plants for grazing and fish. Thereafter, the river enters the Federal Republic of NIGERIA, where the Benue River joins to create an important confluence of the two rivers at Lokoja in Nigeria.

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Its source is in the Guinea Highlands in southeastern Guinea.

The river then bends southeastward through western Niger to Nigeria and continues southward. At their confluence the Niger and the Benue form a stretch of water about 2 miles (3.2 kilometers) wide. [30], In September 2009, the Nigerian government commenced a 36 billion naira dredging of the Niger River from Baro to Warri, a move which will see silt removed from several hundred kilometres.

The Niger is precious to life in Mali. [6] As Timbuktu was the southern end of the principal Trans-Saharan trade route to the western Mediterranean, it was the source of most European knowledge of the region. The source of the river rises in the Fouta Djallon Highlands at a point near the border between Guinea and SIERRA LEONE, 150 mi (241 km) from the Atlantic coast.

Niger Basin Authority (NBA), Executive Secretariat, "8th Summit of the Heads of State and Government", Final communique [32] Some activists have, however, opposed the project in the past, claiming it may have negative effects on waterside villagers.

By the early 17th century, Europeans thought that the river flowed west and joined the Senegal River. The Niger Valley is sparsely settled. Thereafter, the Niger flows northeasterly until it reaches the interior delta in Mali. Flowing northeastward in a great arc, it enters Mali and approaches the fringe of the Sahara. Most of the Niger is used for commercial shipping.

The Niger River (/ ˈ n aɪ dʒ ər /; French: (le) fleuve Niger, pronounced [(lə) flœv niʒɛʁ]) is the principal river of West Africa, extending about 4,180 km (2,600 mi).Its drainage basin is 2,117,700 km 2 (817,600 sq mi) in area. The Niger River (/ˈnaɪdʒər/; French: (le) fleuve Niger, pronounced [(lə) flœv niʒɛʁ]) is the principal river of West Africa, extending about 4,180 km (2,600 mi). It is ranked 14th among the longest rivers in the world.

The name may come from Berber phrase ger-n-ger meaning "river of rivers".

The Niger takes one of the most unusual routes of any major river, a boomerang shape that baffled geographers for two centuries. From the 13th to 16th century the valley was the heartland of the Mali and Songhai empires, and some of the river towns date from this period. The Charta promotes Integrated Water Resources Management, defines procedures for the examination and approval of new projects, provides a framework for the allocation of water resources between sectors, commits to maintain the integrity of aquatic ecosystems and defines mechanisms for the settlement of disputes between countries and for user participation. Its source (Tembakounda) is just 240 km (150 mi) inland from the Atlantic Ocean, but the river runs directly away from the sea into the Sahara Desert, then takes a sharp right turn near the ancient city of Timbuktu (Tombouctou) and heads southeast to the Gulf of Guinea. The Niger is the third-longest river in Africa, exceeded only by the Nile and the Congo River (also known as the Zaïre River).

[31], In late March 2010 the dredging project was 50% complete. Finally, in 1795, Mungo Park became the first European to describe the upper river. Two diversion dams, one at Sotuba just downstream of Bamako, and one at Markala, just downstream of Ségou, are used to irrigate about 54,000 hectares. The Ni-Ger was likely speculation, although the name stuck as that of a river south of the Mediterranean's "known world". In Mali the Sélingué Dam on the Sankarani River is mainly used for hydropower, but also permits irrigation.

The northern part of the river, known as the Niger bend, is an important area because it is the major river and source of water in that part of the Sahara desert. [7] The result is a region of braided streams, marshes, and lakes the size of Belgium; the seasonal floods make the Delta extremely productive for both fishing and agriculture.

The upper Niger, from the source west of Timbuktu to the bend in the current river near Timbuktu, once emptied into a now dry lake to the east northeast of Timbuktu, while the lower Niger started to the south of Timbuktu and flowed south into the Gulf of Guinea.

The initial $185 million credit will go to Nigeria, Guinea, Benin, Mali and Niger.

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